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Organisation: Ernst Plank, lantern and slide manufacturer

Historical details of this organisation
Trade mark of Ernst Plank

'E.P. and winged wheel' trade mark

Full name
Ernst Plank
Short name
Ernst Plank
Main area of activity
lantern and slide manufacturer
Secondary area(s) of activity
toy manufacturer
Date of foundation
1866
Date of winding-up
1932
Main period and nation of relevant activity
1860s-1930s, Germany
Relevance
toy manufacturer producing toy lanterns and slides
Notes

Innovative lantern manufacturer in Nuremberg. By 1900 producing c150,000 lanterns annually, plus 80,000 simplified model steam engines, locomotives, and ships. Also produced full-sized lanterns, sciopticons, and cinematograph apparatus. Offered reproduction praxinoscopes, some steam-powered.

From 1866 major improvements to design and optical performance of toy magic lanterns, especially through improved lenses and illumination. New designs of toy lanterns, some based on French originals, copied by all post-1870 Nuremberg manufacturers.

Related organisations

business taken over by Max and Fritz Schaller, c.1932

People linked to this organisation

PLANK, Ernst  (fl. 1860s-1930s) – founder, 1866

References
David Robinson, Stephen Herbert and Richard Crangle (editors), Encyclopaedia of the magic lantern (London: Magic Lantern Society, 2001), p. 235
Tony Dugdale, Patricia Dugdale, Dennis Crompton and Paul Barnett, Convention exhibition centrefold in NMLJ 3.1 (February 1984), pp. 10-11
Lucerna ID 1001407

Record created by Deac Rossell and Richard Crangle. Last updated 19 March 2017

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  Lucerna Magic Lantern Web Resource, www.slides.uni.trier.de/organisation/index.php?id=1001407. Accessed 10 December 2019.

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